Tip: embedding images in reports

I've saw several posts lately about problems linking to images from reports.  I thought I'd share this tip:

I created a report that uses a couple of images to indicate the status of some automated services (running or not running) for a dashboard.  I didn't want to mess with handling the images separate from the report, so I used this method to embed the images in the jrxml itself:

1) Base64 encode the image.  I used the online utility at http://www.motobit.com/util/base64-decoder-encoder.asp    Note that I have no ties to this site whatsoever, it's just something I found to be useful and it works.

2) In your report, create a variable of type String and set the variable expression to the Base64 encoded string from step 1

3) Put the image element in your report with class java.io.InputStream  I also set scaling to retain shape.

4) For the image expression use:

new java.io.StringBufferInputStream( new org.w3c.tools.codec.Base64Decoder($V{MY_IMAGE}).processString() )

The Base64 decoder class is included with JasperServer and is already on the classpath.  I tested this successfully with image formats GIF, JPEG, PNG, and BMP.  (I ended up using PNG by the way)

I think it should also be possible to use class java.awt.Image (BufferedImage) created by ImageIO.load() from a byte array input stream, but this didn't work for me, even though using InputStream directly does.



joshhighley's picture
Joined: Sep 9 2008 - 8:59am
Last seen: 14 years 8 months ago

This doesn't work in JR 6.0.3, even though it did in 5.6.1.

I tested additionally with this code:


    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Starting img test");
        String b64img = "her goes image encoded in base64";
        try (
                java.io.InputStream is = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream(new sun.misc.BASE64Decoder().decodeBuffer(b64img));
            ) {
            java.awt.image.BufferedImage bi = javax.imageio.ImageIO.read(is);
            System.out.println("Read image: "+bi);
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            System.err.println("Error: "+t);

And it works fine.

I have Java 8 x86_64 running on Windows 7 x86_64.

lospejos - 8 years 1 month ago

2 Answers:


          I have to display  object as image  inside a list component in iReport based on a particular count(here using intNote  ). I have tried this way...But no image is dispalyed...while using image path from specific location images are displayed...how can i dispaly object as  images inside a list component ..please any one help me as soon as possible.......Thanks.........


                <reportElement x="130" y="72" width="25" height="35"/>
                <jr:list xmlns:jr="http://jasperreports.sourceforge.net/jasperreports/components" xsi:schemaLocation="http://jasperreports.sourceforge.net/jasperreports/components http://jasperreports.sourceforge.net/xsd/components.xsd" printOrder="Horizontal" ignoreWidth="true">
                    <datasetRun subDataset="Q2">
                        <dataSourceExpression><![CDATA[new net.sf.jasperreports.engine.JREmptyDataSource($F{intNote})]]></dataSourceExpression>
                    <jr:listContents height="35" width="25">
                        <image isUsingCache="false">
                            <reportElement x="3" y="10" width="16" height="17" forecolor="#FFFFFF"/>
                                <pen lineWidth="1.25"/>
                            <imageExpression class="java.awt.Image"><![CDATA[$F{strVert}]]></imageExpression>



psl003's picture
Joined: Feb 23 2011 - 9:21pm
Last seen: 12 years 3 months ago

This doesn't work now, if it worked ever before. It gives compilation error with base64 data in jrxml.

abhimanyu.prasad - 9 years 6 months ago

I just tried the original solution under Studio 6.2.0 and it worked fine. Have not tested on the report server yet.

gerald.meachem - 7 years 3 weeks ago

I am using Studio 6.3.0final I am getting compile errors - Tried all the suggestions.
Is there anyone else who has the same issue?

Sriya - 6 years 2 months ago