Handling internet explorer windows based authentication to a website using AutoIT script in java-cucumber-selenium automation

Sadakar Pochampalli
JasperSoft BI Suite Tutorials - Sadakar Pochampalli )

Hi,

In this post, you will see tips on how to authenticate a website that is based on windows authentication. 
Reader is assumed to have some prior fundamental knowledge on the java-selenium-cucumber framework/setup. 

NOTE: 
This post is not written to give step-by-step procedure instead written to give direct inputs on specific areas. 

Sample cucumber feature file and scenario: 

@feature_login
Feature: Launch internet browser and login with valid credentials
  This is a windows based authentication for sadakar.selenium.com site using internet browser.

  @senario_loginsadakar.selenium.com
  Scenario: Login to sadakar.selenium.com with internet explorer windows based authentication
    When I open internet explorer browser
    Then I login with username and password and navigate to sadakar.selenium.com


Problem statement : 
When you try to open sadakar.selenium.com and if the website is configured for windows based authentication as shown in below image - how do you navigate to the site using java-selenium code ? 

Click on the image to get best view of the content: 
Solution : 
1) Install latest Auto IT tool ( download : https://www.autoitscript.com/site/autoit/downloads/ )
2) Then : 
        a) Open the website with its security pop-up for windows based authentication 
        b) Open the AutoIt tool on top of the the website's windows security pop-up. 
3) Hold on "Finder Tool" on AutoIT and drag that on to the security pop-up window. 
4) Note down "Title" and "Class" in the AutoIt tool. 

Click on the image to get best view of the content: 


5) Now, in Notepad++ file write below code and save it as "autoit_ie.au3"

$sUsername = "SADA001\administrator"
$sPassword = "SADAPassWord@001"
$sTitle = WinGetTitle("Windows Security")
Sleep(1000)
    If $sTitle = "Windows Security" or WinWaitActive("[CLASS:Credential Dialog Xaml Host]") or WinWaitActive("Windows Security") or WinWaitActive("iexplore.exe") or WinWaitActive("Connecting to sadakar.selenium.com")Then
        Send($sUsername)
        Send("{TAB}")
        Send($sPassword,1)
        Send("{TAB}")
        Send("{ENTER}")
    EndIf

6) Right click on the saved file and compile it (just compile) and you would see "autoit_ie.exe" generated in the folder where you saved your au3 file. 

NOTE : 
if you try open this .exe, you would see some encrypted data that will not be readable. 

7) How to call the generated autoit_ie.exe file in java-selenium. 

  public void getCredentialsFromAutoITExe() {
try {
Log.debug("Reading Username and Password from IE AutoIT exe file");
                                 System.out.println("Reading Username and Password from IE AutoIT exe file");
Runtime.getRuntime().exec("D:\\autoit_ie.exe");
Log.debug("Read Username and Password from AutoIT exe file");
}
 
}catch(Exception e) {
Assert.fail("failed to Read Username and Password from AutoIT exe file");
System.out.println("failed to read credentials from AutoIT exe file"+" "+e);
}
}

 public void getAppManagementURL() {

Log.debug("Authenticating to sadakar.selenium.com URL");
 driver.get("http://sadakar.selenium.com/");
                  Log.debug("Authenticated to Application URL and opened the site                             
                       http://sadakar.selenium.com/");
}

7) When you run your project (in my case its a maven-java-selenium-junit-cucumber) the pop-up should read the username and password from the auto_it.exe file and fill the corresponding values as shown in below image.

NOTE : 
Runtime.getRuntime().exec("auto it exe file path") should be called before driver.get("URL")


Thank you, for stopping by and I hope it helps someone in the community. 

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